Endometriosis is a condition in which tissue similar to the lining of the uterus (endometrium) grows outside the uterus. This tissue can grow on the ovaries, fallopian tubes, bladder, bowel, or other organs in the pelvic area.
The most common symptoms of endometriosis are pelvic pain and infertility. Other symptoms may include:
The exact cause of endometriosis is unknown. However, there are a number of theories, including:
Endometriosis can be diagnosed through a physical exam, pelvic exam, and imaging tests such as ultrasound, MRI, or laparoscopy. Laparoscopy is a minimally invasive surgery that allows a doctor to view the pelvic organs and take a biopsy of any suspicious tissue..
There is no cure for endometriosis, but there are a number of treatments that can help to manage the symptoms and improve quality of life. Treatment options may include:
Yes, it is possible to get pregnant with endometriosis. However, endometriosis can make it more difficult to get pregnant. Endometriosis can cause inflammation and scarring in the pelvic area, which can interfere with ovulation and implantation.
There are a number of things you can do to manage endometriosis, including:
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