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The OBGYNs Role in Domestic Violence Awareness

The OBGYN’s Role in Domestic Violence Awareness

As one of the leading Obstetrician-gynecologists in Chicago, Illinois, at Women’s Health Group, we believe our responsibilities extend beyond general women’s health to also include addressing critical public health issues such as domestic violence. The grave problem of domestic violence affects a significant number of women across America, and healthcare providers, particularly Obstetricians and Gynecologists (OBGYNs), are in a unique position to help identify and provide domestic violence help to victims who may otherwise struggle to seek help.

The Extent of Domestic Violence

In ordinary households, behind the facade of happy families and content lives, a sinister violation of a woman’s dignity sometimes transpires: domestic violence. The problem is bigger than it appears, as per the statistics from the National Coalition Against Domestic Violence, nearly 20 people per minute are physically abused by an intimate partner in the United States. That is more than 10 million people annually.

The impact of domestic violence on the mental and physical well-being of women is substantial, with long-term consequences that can be both debilitating and lethal. Yet, due to the associated stigma and fear, many victims are often unable or unwilling to seek help.

The First Line of Defense: Screening

OBGYNs are ideally placed to help combat and address the issue of domestic violence. Being a woman’s primary healthcare provider, they often establish a rapport built on trust and professional intimacy. This relationship can encourage women who are victims of domestic violence to open up about their experiences, especially during routine screenings.

Screening for domestic violence during routine medical check-ups is a standard recommended practice. The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) urges healthcare providers to screen all patients for intimate partner violence, not just those with visible signs of abuse.

Identifying the Warning Signs

In many instances, victims may not acknowledge that they are experiencing domestic violence, so healthcare professionals must be trained to identify potential warning signs. These might include inconsistent or vague explanations for injuries, delayed seeking of medical care, excessive familiarity with or fear of their partner, symptoms of anxiety or depression, or lower than expected pregnancy weight gain.


Once the problem of domestic violence is identified, the role of OBGYNs becomes twofold: providing immediate medical care and helping the survivor access suitable domestic violence help. Such help can come in the form of counseling support, legal aid, safety planning, or shelters and transitional housing.

Interventions may include:

  • Providing immediate medical treatment and arranging for any necessary follow-ups.
  • Documenting the evidence of abuse thoroughly, accurately, and confidentially.
  • Providing emotional support and reassurance.
  • Using motivational interviewing techniques to help the victim begin to acknowledge the abuse.
  • Discussing safety planning strategies.
  • Referring the victim to appropriate local advocacy, counseling, and legal resources.

The Power of Empathy and Support

OBGYNs must understand that victims often will not leave their abuser after the first incident or even after the first disclosure to their healthcare provider. It is essential to maintain a supportive, non-judgmental approach and to continue to provide the necessary information and assistance when the victim is ready to leave their abuser.

Educational Role

Finally, OBGYNs can play an enormous part in raising awareness about domestic violence, making it less of a taboo, and encouraging an open dialogue. By educating patients about what constitutes domestic violence, emphasizing that help is available, and promoting healthy relationship behaviors, they can empower more women to recognize abuse and seek help sooner.

In conclusion, healthcare providers, especially OBGYNs, play a crucial role in addressing domestic violence – from screening and identification to intervention and referral. They are often the first line of defense and the gateway to help for many victims. Proactive approach, consistent support, and a comprehensive understanding of the dynamics of abuse can significantly improve outcomes for victims of domestic violence. It is our collective responsibility, not only as healthcare providers but as members of society, to recognize, address and combat this grave threat to women’s health and well-being.

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The OBGYNs Role in Domestic Violence Awareness

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